Sunday, January 26, 2014

Chunking words to help with spelling

"Chunking" words into letter groups 
Sometimes breaking down words into smaller groups of letters can help make it easier to spell and/or pronounce. So instead of attacking the whole word, you can attack the word in smaller bits.

These tables are examples from "The Spelling Skills Handbook", By John Barwick and Jenny Barwick*.


Common letter combination
Consonant blend
Example
-ight
light, right
-tion
nation, relation
-ing
string, singer
 -ough
rough, tough
 -tle
castle, nettle
 -end
friend, send

Consonant blends
Consonant blend
Example
bl-
blend, black
br-
brown, break
ch-
church, such
cr-
crush, creature
dr-
drip, drawer
fl-
flood
gl-
glance, glad
gr-
graph, degree
pl-
place, apply
pr-
prince, probably
sc-
scatter, scene
scr-
scramble, describe
sh-
ship, sharp
shr-
shrill, shriek
sl-
slope, slippers
sp-
spill, speak
spl-
splint, splash
spr-
spring, spread
st-
steam, still
str-
strike, strap
sw-
swim, sword
th-
this, third
tr-
trip, tremendous
tw-
twelve, twist
wh-
who, whistle
wr-
write, wriggle


Vowel blends - including a vowel and -y
These are some examples of vowel blends. Sometimes the letter -y is used as a vowel.


Vowel blends 
Examples 
-ai- 
rail, remai
-au- 
taught, Pau
-ay- 
pay, today 
-ea- 
peace, tea 
-ee- 
seem, pee
-ei- 
seize, receive 
eu- 
eucalyptus, Europe 
-ey 
monkey, prey 
-ie- 
believe, relie
-oa- 
roast, soa
-oe- 
toe, poe
-oi 
oil, spoi
-oo- 
spool, poo
-ou- 
about, devou
-oy 
toy, deploy 
-ue- 
Sue, sue
-ui 
ruin, build 
-uy 
buy, guy 

Related links
References:
*Barwick, J (1999). The Spelling Skills Handbook. Sydney: Horwitz Education, pp29-30.

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